ofthe M.B.C - vol. I - n° 1 - September 1987
MEDITERRANEAN BURNS CLUB
The MEDITERRANEAN BURNS CLUBS is constituted, with the aim of creating a permarnent forum
for dialogue on burns and burn emergencies among specialists from countries in the
Mediterranean basin, linked by common historical, cultural, intellectual and geographical
It is inspired by the Statutes of the lnternational Society of Burn injuries which, inter
alia, (Art. 2 (4,5), aims:
- to encourage the highest standard of care in all countries and to bring to them the nost
valid contribution by all possible means;
- to encourage cooperation among all countries through the exchange of informatiDn by all
All specialists in burns and related health problems, from countries in the Mediterranean
basin, may Join the Club.
The purpose of the Mediterranean Birns Club is:
- to call meetings at times and in places to be decided on
each occasion to consider a theme for seminars, or panels with free or pre-agreed
- to seek appropriate ways and instruments for the dissemination of the results of such
- to integrate, by the exchange of letters between individual members and groups,
in.2ormation, knowledge, studies, researches and any other elements that may enrich the
cultural, intellectual and scientific wealth of the Club and of its members;
- to promote the interchange of individual types of culture in the various Mediterranean
- to assist young physicians to enter the field of burns research and care;
- to assist in the preparation and development of research programmes among members with a
view to increasing, strengthening and extending links and personal cooperation in the
various countries of the region.
The representatives of the Mediterranean countries present at the Meeting of Burns
Specialists from the Mediterranean area held in Palermo on 15th September 1983 constitute
the Founder Members of the Club.
The Seat of the Club is the City of Palermo, Italy, promoter of the First Meeting of Burns
Specialists from the Mediterranean area.
Ordinary Members of the Club, among whom are included also Founder Members, are appointed
among all specialists in burns pathology belonging to all Mediterranean countries who are
presented by at least twothirds (2/3) of the Founder Members, until full representation of
all countries in the Mediterranean area is achieved.
Thereafter, presentation may be by two Ordinary Members.
The First General Assembly may be held when representation from every country is achieved.
The General Assembly appoints the President, the Se cretary General and the Treasurer who
remain in office for three years and may be reconfirmed;
- it approves the general direction of the Club's activity
as formulated by the President and the Secretary General;
- it approves the determines the admission of new Members and Membership fees;
- it approves the budget.
The President chairs the meeting and together with the
Secretary General and the Treasurer ensures the advancement and orderly work of the Club.
The Secretary General will have the administrative charge of the Club;
- will provide for the presentation of the annual
programme, for the collection of the contributions supplied by the State, by the Regions,
by local Bodies and in general by any public or private Body;
- and will represent the Club at any administrative Authority of the State (also at tax
If the Assembly in proceeding to appoint the Secretary
General should nominate for this Office a Member not residing in Palermo, the
above-mentioned administrative functions will be assigned to the Treasurer for the entire
period during which the Secretary General not residing in Palermo remains in office.
The Treasurer keeps the accounts and collects the dues of the Club Members.
The Club's financial resources are constituted by the contributions of the Members, by
donations and by any other contributions from whatever source.
The Club is a non-profit making organisation and any financial assets are reinvested for
the advancement of the aims of the Club.
To all members of the
Mediterranean Burns Club
You will be pleased to knov that your MBC has been granted Liaison Member privileges in
the International Federation of Surgicai Colleges. This is an unusual distinction, asI
normahy, the Federation admits only the one, senior surgical College or Association in any
one country. It is thas the principal Federation of national surgical Colleges or
Associations, (not individual surgeons) at the global level. It is in official relations
with the world Health Organization and acts as its principal adviser on World surgical
I am pleased to attach a Short History of the IFSC and we look forward to a meaningful
collaboration with this most important forum of surgical thinking.
With best wishes,
SHORT HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL
FEDERATION OF SURGICAL COLLEGES
The International Federation of Surgical Colleges was founded in Stockholm, in 1958, by
representatives of the national surgical institutions of some thirteen countries who
believed there was a need for an international body that could speak for world surgery on
problems of common interest and promote advances in the standards of training and
practice. The stimulus for the creation of the Federation came principally from the
Colleges of Surgeons in America and the British Commonwealth which had long traditions and
experience of working closely with each other and with other countries, especially the
developing countries who looked to the older Colleges for advice and support in the
establishment and maintenance of surgical standards.
Unlike most other international bodies in medicine at that time, the Federation was not to
be representative of individual surgeons but of National Colleges, Academies and
Associations. To be eligible for membership such a body had to show that it was the
principal representative of surgery in its own country and, because one of the aims of the
founders was the unification of surgery in all its branches, the membership was limited to
the main all-embracing national bodies. In the years which have followed, a number of
specialities have evolved their own world organisations, and such are generally invited to
enter into a liaison membership with the Federation. Since its inception the Federation
has accepted into membership forty-three national surgical organisations and is in liaison
with ten international bodies. It is also affiliated with the World Health Organisation as
one of its recognised "Non-Governmental Organisations".
Since 1975 an additional tier of Associates has been introduced to include in the
Federation's activities those individuals who, being already members of one or another
member organisation, are interested in participating in the Federation meetings and in
contributing to its work.
The Federation is governed by a Council consisting of a President, two Vice-Presidents,
the immediate Past President, and one representative of each member institution. Other
delegates, Associates, and members of liaison organisations may attend the meetings of
Council but may not vote. The term of office of President and Vice- Presidents is three
The Council meets annually, on the occasion of the biennial congress of the International
Society of Surgery and, in the alternate years, with the annual meeting of one of the
member institutions. The preparation of these meetings and any other interval business is
handled by an Executive Committee of ten persons: the President, Vice-Presidents, the
immediate Past President, and six members who are selected from time to time by the
Council and who serve for three years, being eligible for re-election for one further term
of three years. An Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer are elected for terms of five
years and serve ex-officio on the ExecuLve Committee.
The object of the Federation is the improvement and maintenance of standards of ~;urgery
throughout the world, in particular by
establishment and maintena~ice of co-operation and interchange of medical and surgical
information among surgical colleges ard kindred surgical institutions approved by the
2. encouragement of high stand~Irds of education, training and research in surgery and its
3. the unification of surgery in all its specialities;
4. the support of clinical and scientific congresses of surgical institutions and
organisations approved by the Federation;
5. co-operation in developing the best possible standards of surgical facilities and
treatment and in providing appropriate surgical tiaming in all countries requesting aid.
The fulfilment of these
aims was entrusted, for the first ten years of the FederaCon's existence, to Working
Parties in Training, Research, Interchange of Young Surgeons, and Surgical Miss~ons. Each
of these eventually became identified with a specific project on completion of which the
function of the Working Parties reverted to the Executive Committee.
Undoubtedly the most successful of the Federation's activities has been the unbroken
series of Annual Council Meetings, joint meetings with the International Society of
Surgery alternating with visits to one or another of the member organisations. On each
occasion one or more symposia have been arranged, as listed on the following pages, on a
wide variety of topics. The annual meetings are attended by fifteen to thirty-five
representatives and these numbers have held up well despite the large increases in travel
costs of recent years. New organisations are still admitted to the Federation at the rate
of one or two each year, though this is now balanced by those that withdraw support for
one reason or another.
The Federation has never been lavishly endowed The founding organisations contributed 10
cents US each year for each of their subscribing members. The Federation's annual budget
figure in those days was about £. 2,500. The present subscription rate is 35 cents per
member, with a minimum subscription of $195. Associates contribute generously at least $25
a year each, and over the years there have been very welcome contributions for specific
purposes from the Buckitigham Foundation, the Mars Foundation, Dr. Rhoads and the late
Professor Nuboer. Office expenses, including secretarial salary, telephone, audit charges,
stationery, printing and postage now cost about £. 9,500 a year.
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF
SURGICAL COLLEGES CONSTITUTION
(Revised January 1975)
- The International Federation of
Surgical Colleges (hereinafter called "the Federation") shall be composed of
Surgical Colleges, Academies and kindred surgical institutions throughout the world, but
not of individual persons; and shall be govern,ed by a Council (hereinafter called
"the Council") consisting of a President and two Vice-Presidents, the immediate
Past President and one representative of each member-institution.
- The objective of the Federation shall be the improvement
and maintenance of standards of surgery throughout the world by any charitable means and
in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing words, by all or
any of the following means in so far as they are charitable:
(a) The establishment and maintenance of cooperation and
interchange of medical and surgical information among surgical Colleges and kindred
surgical institutions approved by the Federation.
(b) Encouragement of the maintenance of high standards of education, tiaining and research
in surgery and its allied sciences throughout the world.
(c) The unification of surgery in all its specialties.
(d) The support of the clinical and scientific congresses of surgical institutions and
organisations approved by the Federation.
(e) The provision of surgery, surgical training and surgical hospitals of high standard to
all of the countries of the world requesting aid.
- The Council shall have power to accept or invite
applications from such surgical institutions as may be thought appropriate For membership.
On the receipt of an application a ballot shall be held which may be a postal ballol or a
ballot of those present at a meeting of the Council, and admission shall be secured only
by a favourable vote of two-thirds or more of the Council. The Executive Committee
hereinafter mentioned shall determine whether a postal vote be taken or whether the
application be considered at the next meeting of the Council. The Council stall also have
power by,a vote of two-thirds or more of its members to expel from the Federation any
member-institution which in the opinion of the Council ceases to support the main
objective of the Federation.
- The Council shall meet annually. Where two or more
member-institutions from any one country are represented on the Council they shall not
entitled to separate votes but shall have a joint vote on any matter to be decided by the
Council by ballot.
- The Council shall elect a President and two VicePresidents
each of whom shall hold office for three years. The Vice-President, bat not the President,
may be re-elected for one firther term of three years. The immediate Past President shall
serve on Council for a period of 1hree years ex-officio with no entitlement to
- The Council shall have power to elect other International
bodies as Liaison Members and to invite them to appoint delegates to serve on Council and
participate fully in its deliberations. Such delegates shall not, however, be entitled to
hold office or vote.
- The Executive Committee shall consist of ten persons, being
the President and Vice-Presidents of the Federation as ex-officio members, six
persons elected from time to time by the Council, and the immediate Past President who
shall serve for a term of three years and shall not be entitled to vote. The elected
members shall be elected for terms of three years, and may be re-elected for one further
term of three years.
- The elected members of the Executive Committee shall not
include more than one member of any member-institution. If the President or Vice-President
is a member of the same institution as one of the elected members he shall not be entitled
to a separate vote.
- In the case of an elected member being unable to attend any
meeting of the Executive Committee, the member-institution of which he is a member may
appoint a substitute for that occasion.
- The Executive Commitee shall meet as and when required by
the Council or the President of the Federation.
- The Council shall appoint an officer or officers who shall
be responsible to the Council for the administration and organisation of its affairs.
Council may appoint such officers as ex-officio members of the Executive Committee
and/or Council and shall determine their periods of office.
- This Constitution, except Clause 2 hereof, may be altered
by a vote of the majority of two-thirds or more of the members of the Council. Not less
than two months' notice of any proposed alteration to the Constitution must be given to
each member-institution prior to the meeting of the Council at which the alteration is